The Ajanta Caves – अजंता की गुफाएँ of Maharashtra has rich historical importance in the history of India. The Ajanta Ellora caves were the prominent Buddhist monuments of the second century. There are various examples of Buddhist architecture. In some of the paintings and crafts, you may also find the living depictions. The Ajanta and Ellora caves are in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. Back in 1983, UNESCO declared it as a World Heritage Site.
You will find many Buddhist religious arts and also scriptures in the Ajanta Ellora caves. Over time, these caves grew to influence the modern Indian art. It took two phases to build these caves. The first phase of building the Ellora caves began in 2nd Centuries BCE and also the second phrase started during the period of 460-480 CE. Several Chinese Buddhist Travellers have mentioned the Ajanta and Ellora paintings in their texts. These were the Chinese travelers who traveled to India during the period of Akbar in the 17th century.
Ajanta and Ellora Caves
Ajanta merged up with the Ellora caves. Ellora cave is one of the prominent attractions for tourists in Maharashtra. The same style of Ajanta is available in other parts such as the Ellora Caves, Aurangabad Caves, Shiveleni Caves, and also Elephanta Caves. In some of the caves of Maharashtra, the similar style came into existence. You can also find the Ajanta Express Train services from here.
The Ajanta painting talks about the Jataka Tales. The Jataka tales are the Buddhist legends related to the birth of Buddha. All these temples have the ancient morals and also cultural lores attached to it. Some of the tales and fables are even available in the Hindu and Jain texts. These also further depict the sacrifices that Buddha made and his incarnations. The various life examples of Buddha are also available in the tales.
Ajanta Caves Paintings
The Ajanta Ellora cave paintings have the mural paintings. These paintings have survived from the early and later period as well. The different fragments of the caves talk about the fragmented murals which are unique. These fragments talk about the Satavahana times as well.
The other four caves have preserved the mural paintings which represent the Indian culture prominently. The Caves of number 16 and 17 are available in Caves 1 and 2. Some of the paintings are also the example of ‘dry fresco’ for the dry plaster. As per the literary texts, you will get to know about the Gupta period.
Various experts from the ancient times have analyzed and determined about the paintings of the Ajanta and also Ellora caves.