Hindi is a language spoken widely. It is an Indo-Aryan language. This is the main language spoken in Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand. In fact, the prominence of Hindi is so much that it is also spoken in central and north India in association with other languages such as Gujarati, Punjabi, Bengali or Marathi. The other Indian parts such as Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan also use Hindi and you can find significant numbers of speakers in Mauritius, South Africa, Guyana, Fiji, Suriname, Nepal, Trinidad & Tobago. People in Fiji speak Hindi as they are of Indian origin and some Fijian people also speak Hindi.
Hindi alphabets are in the Devanagari script. This is an official language of the Indian government, as the other language is English. In fact, both languages English and Hindi are used in communications between state and central government, in the judiciary, in the parliament, and other official purposes.
Hindi is related closely to Urdu, Pakistan’s language, written in Arabic script. Apart from the writing systems difference, the key difference is that Hindi has more of its vocabulary from Sanskrit, while Urdu vocabulary is from Persian.
Hindi was first used in 4th century AD in writing as the Brahmi script. But after the 11th century AD, the Hindi letters written in Devanagari alphabets.
In English, there are consonants and vowels and this is applicable to Hindi as well. There are Hindi consonants and Hindi vowels. In Hindi, the vowels come in the starting and the consonants take to another group.
Hindi Vowels referred to as ‘swar ‘in Hindi and they are:
Hindi alphabets have two modifiers and ten vowels. In the above picture, the symbols are shown below the alphabets and they are the “Matra” symbols. These Matra symbols are used as the vowels and consonants are written together.
The consonants in Hindi called ‘vyanjan’. The Hindi vyanjan is 36 and they include the Hindi letters in English:
|क – ka||ख – Kha||ग – Ga||घ – Gha||ङ – nga|
|च – cha||छ – Chha||ज – ja||झ – jha||ञ – nja|
|ट – Ta||ठ – Tha||ड – Da||ढ – Dha||ण – Na|
|त – ta||थ – Tha||द – da||ध – dha||न – na|
|प – pa||फ – Pha||ब – ba||भ – bha||म – ma|
|य – ya||र – ra||ल – la||व – wa||श – sha|
|ष – shha||स – sa||ह – ha||क्ष – ksh||त्र – tra|
|ज्ञ – gya|
The Hindi Alphabets with Pictures
The standard Hindi alphabets have 35 consonants and 11 vowels. However, the Hindi traditional alphabet made of 13 vowels and 33 consonants. The letters अं [am] and अः [ah] are regarded as vowels in Hindi traditional and as consonants in Hindi standard. It includes two letters ड़ [rr] and ढ़ [rh] taken as consonants in the official standard Hindi alphabets.
For more info, visit @ Hindi Consonants