Waterways in India
The network of major water bodies is quite extensive in India. The reason is that the country has several long rivers, deep lakes, backwaters, and canals. These waterways in India have a significant role to play when it comes to transportation. They not only make it easy for people to go from one city to another but also act as means of transportation within towns. We can take the example of the Kerala backwaters, the waterways in the state of Goa, Assam and West Bengal. Still, if you compare it with several other countries, India does not use the inland waterways properly to a great extent. However, the Inland National Waterways Authority of the country has started taking new projects for bettering the water transportation system of the country.
List of National Waterways
1. National Waterway 1
National Waterway 1 or NH1 will commence from Allahabad and culminate in Haldia, covering a distance of almost 1620 km. So, it will be the longest among the national waterways of India. It runs through three river systems, namely, Ganges, Hooghly, and Bhagirathi. Its three fixed terminals will be at Farrakka, Patna, and Haldia with several other floating terminals.
2. National Waterway 2
The National Waterway 2 will arrive on the River Brahmaputra from Dhubri to Sadiya in the state of Assam. NW2 is one of the significant means of transportation in the North East and ranks third in the list of the longest waterways in India.
3. National Waterway 3
The West Coast Canal or the National Waterway 3 is available in the state of Kerala. This 205 km long waterway starts at Kollam and ends at Kottapuram. It is the first waterway of India that offers navigation facility all the year round.
4. National Waterway 4
National Waterway 4 will connect Pondicherry to Kakinada through tanks and canals on the river Krishna and the river Godavari. Its total length will be 1095 km.
5. National Waterway 5
National Waterway 5 connects the states of West Bengal and Orissa with the help of the Brahmani River, Matai River, East Coast Canal, and the River Mahanadi’s delta. This canal system of 623 km will monitor the traffic of cargoes like fertilizer, iron, coal, and cement.
6. National Waterway 6
National Waterway 6, 121 km in length, will appear in Assam and connect Bhanga to Lakhimpur.
After the construction of these 6 national waterways, water transportation in India can compete with several other countries’ water transport facilities.